Romans 5 - Peace With god

INTRODUCTION: Paul started this letter by declaring that he was called of God as an apostle to spread the good news of Christ because all people are sinners. Paul then warned the Jews not to depend on the law for their hope, or to judge Gentiles because only God can judge righteously. The provision of Grace and redemption came because righteousness through keeping God's law is impossible to attain. Righteousness can only come by faith, and circumcision and the law came after Abraham's faith had already made him righteous before God. Now, in this chapter Paul will explain that it is possible to have complete peace with God. This chapter of Romans is in my own paraphrase, to some extent in an amplified style, prepared by examining several translations, and with some use of a Greek lexicon.

NOTE: Verses in the comments are from the 1769 King JamesBible.


A - THE LOVE OF GOD IS IN US BY THE HOLY SPIRIT

Romans 5 "1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ: 2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. 3 And not only that, but we also triumphantly rejoice in afflictions and suffering: knowing that those things develop patience and perseverance; 4 then comes character by experience; through character comes hope: 5 And hope makes us unashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Spirit which is given to us."

COMMENTS: We are fully justified when we place our faith in Christ Jesus. Since the sin that had separated us from God has been covered by Christ, we are in a peaceful relationship with God, and that unique peace can never be lost. Through this we have a new strength and assurance to patiently accept the many difficulties than may come into our lives, knowing that God is working within us even through the worst of circumstances. We have no reason to be ashamed of suffering or even direct attacks from non-believers because whatever comes our way, the love of God is always within us through the gift of the Holy Spirit. Paul later wrote an encouragement in another letter. Philippians 4 "6 Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God. 7 And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus."


B - JESUS HAS PROVIDED OUR ATONEMENT

Romans 5 "6 For when we were yet without strength, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. 7 It is rare for someone to die for the benefit of a truly righteous person, and less likely that someone would die for a person considered to be good. 8 But God made us qualified for his love to us, because while we were still completely unworthy sinners, Christ died for us. 9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from unmitigated final wrath through him. 10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. 11 And not only that, but we also REJOICE in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement for complete reconciliation with him."

COMMENTS: We had no strength in ourselves to negotiate any means of making peace with an all powerful God while we were his enemies because of our inherent sin nature. We couldn't save our own soul, and we couldn't save the soul of anyone else, even by sacrificing our life for them. But God made us worthy of his love while we were still sinners, when Christ died for us. What a glorious gift that through the blood shed in his death on the cross we are saved from the righteous wrath of God toward sinners. We can rejoice greatly in the complete reconciliation and restoration to the original peaceful loving relationship between God and mankind by our restoration received through our Lord Jesus Christ!


C - SIN CAME BY ONE MAN, AND THE GIFT BY ONE MAN

Romans 5 "12 Therefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; by that, death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: 13 For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not attributed or charged when there is no law to be broken. 14 Nevertheless death came universally upon all from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the way Adam violated God's commandment to him. Adam is the pattern of the one who came afterward. 15 In the same way the free gift has effect, but not as the offence, for if through the offence of one many are dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, has been plentifully supplied to many. 16 And the gift is not with the result as it was by one that sinned: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift clears many offences to provide justification, to make blameless and absolve sin completely."

COMMENTS: Paul referred to Adam because scripture verifies him as the progenitor or ancestor of all mankind, and the one who passed all his condemnation for sin to every person born after him without exception. Genesis 2 "7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul." Genesis 2 "15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. 16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die." That very day because of the sin against God, death became a sure eventuality for Adam and for all of mankind who would be born into his sin from that point forward.

Before the law that defined sin was given through Moses, all who lived from Adam to Moses died because of sin. Adam was a pattern of the one who was to come, because he passed a universal condemnation to his offspring. In similar manner the free gift of the grace of God has been abundantly provided through the new life found in Jesus Christ by faith. The judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift clears many offences of sin to provide justification before God.


D - RIGHTEOUSNESS TO ETERNAL LIFE BY CHRIST JESUS

Romans 5 "17 For if by one man's offence death had universal dominion through him; much more they who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. 18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. 19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. 20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might proliferate abundantly. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: 21 That as sin has the inescapable power to bring death to all, even so grace will establish unconquerable power with righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord."

COMMENTS: Paul had written in an earlier letter that Adam was the beginning of the living soul, and Christ brought the life giving spirit. 1 Corinthians 15 "45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a quickening spirit." What a wonderful gift of righteousness from God through the obedience of Jesus Christ as "the last Adam." With the law the offense before God became much more prevalent, but grace came in overwhelming abundance to provide the righteousness of Christ as the only way to everlasting life. John 5 "24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life."

--- REFLECTIONS IN PRAYER ---

Lord Jesus, I thank you for the love of God that you gave to me as your gift of grace when I placed my faith in you and then received the righteousness of God with the hope of glory. I want to respond triumphantly with inner joy even through afflictions and suffering, by concentrating on how perseverance can lead me to the strength of character that you want for me. Then I will know the hope that will lead me to being unashamed of my trust in you because I know I have the love of the Holy Spirit within my heart. Lord Jesus, Paul has reminded me how much love you gave to me. Though being the perfect Son of God, you died in my place to provide justification and reconciliation even before I was born into my life of sinful condemnation.

I believe that all people who have ever been alive or will be born on this earth are descendents of Adam and Eve, and death is part of physical life because of the violation of your commandment in the Garden of Eden. Lord, I thank you too for the law given through Moses which points me to the right way to live before you, and the grace through Christ that has absolved me of the sin that is in my nature. Help me to be always guided by the truth that the abundance of your grace is not intended to allow for sin to abound in my life. Your free gift of righteousness to eternal life is of incomprehensible sacrifice and value, and I want to give you honor and praise by the power of your Spirit within me. Help me Lord not to resist your Spirit so I will fully enjoy the peace I now have with you because of Christ. Amen.

Published 30 March 2016